Marijuana Increases Hypertension Death Risk By 3 Times
Using marijuana has been legalised in many countries due to its beneficial effects. The medicinal effects can only be enjoyed when it is consumed within the prescribed limit. Although, a certain study implicates the increase in hypertension and three times the chances of death due to the disease.
The study was vividly carried out among 1200 individuals that states the growth in the cases of hypertension is due to the use of marijuana. Many of the states in the USA have legalised its use and the others are slowly following the steps.
The liberal use of marijuana also suggests that the herb is not that harmful like that of smoking tobacco. Barbara Yankey, the co-leader of the research said the use of marijuana is safer than smoking packs of cigarettes. The statistical research was done at Georgia State University, School of Public Health.
She also claimed that it is necessary to establish whether the benefits of marijuana outweigh its harmful effects before legalising it throughout the world. In fact, she is also worried about the social and economical risks related to the legalisation of the magical herb. The co-leader of the statistical study also suggested that if the test results implicate a strong link of marijuana with the cardiovascular deaths then it is all up to the policy makers and the health community regarding protecting public health.
The magical herb has found a lot of uses in curing many diseases such as glaucoma. The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. It included a follow-up study of above-mentioned 1213 individuals with age ranging from 20 years and above. In the year 2005-06, the individuals participating in the study were asked whether they use marijuana or not.
The mortality data were merged with this study in 2011 with the aid of United States National Center for Health Statistics. The confounding factors such as sex, age, ethnicity, tobacco smoking, etc, were merged and adjusted to find a proper link with the mortality rate and using marijuana. The study was done on such users who have been using marijuana for an average time of 11.5 years.
At the end of the prolonged study, the result depicted that those who were using marijuana relentlessly are prone to hypertension-related death by 3.42 times whereas the non-users have a risk of hypertension death by 1.04 times. The specific data was not enough to link the death due to cardiovascular ailments particularly with the use of marijuana.
The limitations in the study did not let the researchers determine whether marijuana is solely responsible for such increase. But, the active ingredients in the magical herb affect cardiovascular system by stimulating the sympathetic nervous system. The stimulation leads to increase in blood pressure and elevated heart rate. In fact, the individual also feels an elevation in oxygen demand. The world is on the verge of making cannabis a healthy and harmless herb but the study shows a significant effect on the cardiovascular health of an individual. Claiming the herb as harmless might be a hasty decision.